- Aspirin-free pain relievers–acetaminophen
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)
- Corticosteroids–injection/pill form
- Passive range-of-motion exercises may help:
- Reduce stiffness
- Keep joints flexible
- Isometric exercises help build muscle strength
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure used to visualize, diagnose and treat problems inside a joint.
In an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision in the patient’s skin and then inserts pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint.
Joint Fluid Supplements
Injections that provide temporary relief:
- For patients whose joint pain does not improve with medication or physical therapy, “joint grease” injections may provide temporary relief. The joint is injected with a joint fluid supplement that acts as a lubricant for the damaged joint.
- Joint injection schedules and duration of relief vary according to the treatment chosen and the individual patient. However, these injections do not cure the diseased knee, and joint replacement may be needed as the joint worsens with time.
Partial Joint Replacement
Partial joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which only the damaged or diseased surfaces of the joint are replaced, leaving much of the natural bone and soft tissue in place.
Total Joint Replacement
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a plastic or metal device or an artificial joint. The artificial joint is designed to move just like a healthy joint.
Joint replacement is a treatment option when pain:
- Is severe
- Interferes with daily activities
- Interferes with work
Joint replacement is a decision that should include:
- Your primary care provider
- Your orthopaedic surgeon
Did you know?
Total joint replacements of the hip and knee have been performed since the 1960s. Today, these procedures have been found to result in significant restoration of function and reduction of pain in 90% to 95% of patients. – Source: National Development Conference, National Institutes of Health, December 2003